The Research Report
The research report is based on one of the medicine related topics, which is rather urgent and should be paid attention to by the society we live in. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women. Years of studies have shown that the occurrence of cervical cancer is caused by HPV, the vast majority of the 16th and 18th types. Despite the introduction of screening methods that were developed and integrated in 1970s, cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common types of cancer. “500,000 new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed, and about 300,000 women die from the disease worldwide each year. In Europe, cervical cancer constantly takes the 2nd place among the most common types of cancer among women aged 15-49 years, and the first place among women aged 15-29 years” (CDC, n.d.) Research in the past decade has clearly demonstrated the role of specific types of human papilloma virus (Human papillomavirus) in the etiology of cervical cancer. “The human papillomavirus (HPV) is sexually transmitted virus. There are currently over one hundred known strains of HPV. About thirty of these strains affect both male and female genitalia, causing conditions like genital warts and more seriously, cancer” (Fayed, 2009).
The society should be informed about the possible risks and how to avoid those in future. The goal of the research is to understand whether the chosen topic is widely recognizable and to make it so at once. There are many different ways how to achieve significant results doing it – television, radio, distributing brochures or providing informative classes. The last way is the most productive, because of evident exampling, active dialogues, common stable attention straight to the point and collective summarizing.
The possible audience, which is to discuss and propagate the key positions and the possible consequences of the phenomenon, are females and males who are multi-aged from 13 years old to 50 years old. Some part of the audience is to get to know that such problem exists, what are its causes. The others are to expand their knowledge. The main literary basis (source) is a book by Watson, M., Saraiya, M., & Ahmed, F. The importance of this written piece is determined by its content – we are to talk about cancer, which is described as one of the most terrible diseases of modern humankind. The book explains the topic of cancer in quite extensive way in general and the possible branches of the disease in details. “HPV types 16 and 18 have also been found to cause close to half of vaginal, vulvar, and penile cancers” (Watson, Saraiya, Ahmed, 2008).
There were two respective e-sources used from the Web. The reasons why both were used are the wide popularity of one and strong science and accessibility of understanding the problem of the other. About.com is highly browsed site. Mainly because of its light structure and a feature to highlight the significant issues in short, thus, this makes the topic catchable. The site allows expending the knowledge by proposing related articles. The second source is an e-brochure with illustrations, depicted diseases causes, and proposed steps that should be taken to avoid being diagnosed with cancer.
Survey method and well-organized meetings for information supply with an agitation to everybody join with his/her acquaintances and friends were organized to understand in brief whether the population is aware and warned of existed problem. The surveys were filled with the questions concerning save sex, constant partners changing and trust as the main idea of personal interaction. A survey and mentioned above meetings were mainly directed at not married men and women, but, in general, those consider everybody’s attention to make the topic idea discussable. Though a wide range of questions was used, the key ones are: “Do you prefer save sex to the opposite? Why?”; “Is having one date enough to have sex with a person you are dating with?”; “What issues may rise in constant partner changing?” ; “What is HRV?”; “Do you think cervical cancer may affect you? Why?” so on. The answers are quite different; this is explained mainly by the lifestyles and weightiness of the research problem for each person, who was asked the questions. The most common answer to “Do you prefer save sex to the opposite?” question was “Yes” with further explanations why. The answer let us assume that there are many, plus cervical cancer, of the possible implications, in case of having sex with no condoms particularly, which may affect a person.
The audience, accordingly, accepted the project, perhaps, because the topic of such kind is interesting, very appropriate and at the same time not intrusive. The audience was informed that the infection with HPV is primarily sexually transmitted and most often is transmitted through the damaged epithelium. It was accepted that majority of men and women are infected with the virus in the first few years of sexual activity, and the percentage of infected individuals substantially grows over the years. The audience interest kept stable level, because of some kind of scrupulousness and intimacy of the research topic. The deciding factors were: number of sexual partners, and early sexual activity.