Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture

Sometimes the consumers buy products that are certified as “organic.” Only the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) can certify them. Such products must meet some requirements. Firstly, all products must be produced naturally. It means that wastewater sludges, gene technology or radiation must be omitted. Secondly, the manufacturers have to produce goods from the substances that allowed by the National List. Certifying agent of the USDA has to control the production, and the manufacturers have to complete all the requirements (Organic Certification, n.d.).

Sometimes, the consumers buy products that have such labels as “free range”, “natural” and “fair trade.” Mainly the label “free range” can be at the egg cartons or chicken products. It means that chickens had some access to the yards. However, they did not fog. The label “natural” means that products do not have artificial ingredients. No colorings can be added to such products. Mainly, the label “fair trade” can be at the imported products. Such products must meet high standards. The farmers are completely responsible for their production (Ekarius, n.d.).

The consumers have to know that “natural” food is not regarded as organic. As was mentioned above, “natural” products are safe. There are no flavorings and colorings in such products. Organic products consist of colorings; however, they can be produced from allowable substances (Arbuckle, n.d.).

In 1986, the Slow Food Movement was established in Italy. It is a movement that wants to change the way of life and eating. The participants of this movement believe that food must be delicious, healthy and safe for the planet (Mendel, 2011).

In 2012 a research was made aimed at estimation of the amount of food that was spoiled during transportation or processing. The research showed that about 40 percent of food spoils on farms, during transportation and production (Gunders, 2012).

Biodiversity

One of the representatives of the invasive animals in the USA is a brown rat. The scientific name of it is Rattus norvegicus. For the people, it is known as street rat. This animal is from northern China. It spreads all over the world. The only continent that they did not occupy is Antarctica because the climate is very severe. The ships were the main transport that helped them to occupy all the world. Of course, it was done by chance. This species has a high ability to adopt. This is the main cause of their ubiquity. People all over the world fight against them. Many organizations have been created to help people to wipe them out. Sometimes people make traps or poison them. However, their ability to breeding is very high. They can eat everything and live anywhere. They create many inconveniences for people. Moreover, they are the transmitters of different and very dangerous diseases. Brown rats extruded arboreal black rats because they are bigger (Barnett, 1975). From my perspective, it is very important to control this species all over the world. Every country, city and village has to make raids, and wipe them out. Rats are the world disaster.

Interview with a Farmer

The successful farmer is a prudent farmer. The soil gives him good crops, the water helps to grow up these crops, and every farmer has to protect soil and water resources. Lee Jones is a farmer with a God-given talent. He wanted to be a farmer since childhood. His first photo was made at the age of one week, on the field. He is 51 years old now. He started his job in 1983. At the beginning of his farming he had 6 acres. After the college his parents moved with him. His farm grows about 600 varieties of products (Wadle, 2009). Now he is a chef of the farm that supplies many restaurants with qualitative and beautiful products. They grow up, package and transport their products. His soils are not enriched with chemical fertilizers. He rotates them. The soil must have a rest. Chemical fertilizers can not help the soil. Of course, it is cheaper. Products that grow up on such soil will have lower quality (An Interview with Farmer Lee Jones of Chef”s Garden, 2013). In addition, they use technologies that were popular about 100 years ago. Recently his team started to produce energy using renewable sources. They installed boilers and produced energy from the corncobs. Lee Jones noticed that all farmers must be very careful with water resources. He said that in future people would fight for the water, not for the fuel. Lee Jones said that agriculture would recover totally. Nowadays, people understand that their health depends on the environment, water and food. Healthy and safe food is the guaranty of health and happiness (An Interview with Farmer Lee Jones of Chef”s Garden, 2013). Lee Jones cannot imagine his life without farming. He said that he would be disappointed without farming (Wadle, 2009).